Fluoridating peach senior dating co uk

After the council did so, the league, which generally took a stand on city ballot measures, summarized the arguments on both sides but decided not to make any recommendation on fluoridation.

In January 1951, before the initial council hearing, Water Superintendent Roy W.

In that same election, city voters approved a new charter, which changed the mayor's term to four years, effective with the 1948 election.

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Deliberately adding a chemical known to be toxic in large quantities to drinking water may have seemed surprising, but since the early twentieth century some dentists had been reporting that patients in areas with higher natural levels of fluoride in drinking water had less tooth decay.

Dentists had actually noticed the harmful effects of high natural levels of fluoride first: many patients in those areas had significantly stained and even pitted teeth, a problem that was named fluorosis.

They pointed out that nearly 300 American cities were already fluoridating. Exner, a Seattle radiologist and former president of the Anti-Tuberculosis League of King County, was one of the most vocal opponents, calling fluoridation "unproved medically" and suggesting that instead of adding them to drinking water "that fluorides be handled the same as any other drug," with doctors who believed in their value recommending them to patients ("Fluoridation Is Unproved ..."). In the meantime, Huber called on the PTA and others to work to remove products containing sugar from schools, noting that candy, soft drinks and the like were also implicated in high decay rates.

Proponents cited statements from national medical and dental groups that fluoridation at the levels proposed "will have no harmful effect on any part of the body," and touted the support of the local dental and medical societies and several hundred individual doctors and dentists ("Water-Fluoridation Plan ..."). In addition to some dentists and doctors, opponents included "Christian Scientists, chiropractors and naturopaths, ...

The council appeared favorable to the idea and following a public hearing unanimously called for preparation of ordinances authorizing fluoridation and including the cost in water bills. Mc Kay, a Colorado Springs dentist who nearly half a century before in 1908 had been one of the first to link fluoride to reduced decay, called fluoridation "mass control of dental caries" and said "Seattle has taken a forward step in deciding to fluoridate its water supply" ("Fluoridation Program ..."). Local opposition grew, and the ordinances that had been prepared were never introduced.

At an April conference on fluoridation at the University of Washington, national advocates praised the council's apparent decision to begin fluoridation. In early battles over fluoridation nationwide, opponents were often identified with the political far right, with some calling the concept a communist plot.

Morse had said the department was taking a "'strictly neutral' attitude in the matter" ("Treatment of Water ..."), but by the time the council decided in November to put the issue on the March 1952 ballot, Morse was "definitely cool toward fluoridation" ("City Council Unanimous ...").

He called for additional scientific study before proceeding, noting that while studies showed fluoridation reduced dental decay "there appears to be less reliable knowledge concerning the ultimate systemic effects of fluorine" ("Council Favors ..."). Sanford Lehman, who had succeeded Palmquist as director of the health department (which he would continue to head through the successful 1968 push for fluoridation), told the council that he fully supported his predecessor's fluoridation recommendation as a "great benefit to children" ("Council Favors ...").

On March 11, 1952, Seattle voters defeat a hotly contested proposal to add fluoride to the city's drinking water by a surprisingly overwhelming margin, and oust Mayor William Devin (1898-1982), who has served since 1942, in favor of challenger Allan Pomeroy (ca. Voters in Seattle and other communities approve school-funding measures, but a Seattle library-bond measure fails to win approval.

Seattle voters will defeat fluoridation again in 1963, but approve it in 1968.

Urging the Council The nationwide controversy came to Seattle in 1951. Emil Palmquist, director of the Seattle-King County Department of Public Health, urged that Seattle's water supply be treated with fluorine "at the earliest possible moment" as a means of preventing tooth decay, particularly in children ("Fluorine Urged ...").

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