Dating range formula

Moses' activities and speeches are presented in the third person, a format which would _not_ have been used by Moses had he really written the account appearing in the Holy Bible. Ge ) and they are feared by Israel upon her departure from Egypt (Ex ). Certain locations mentioned in the Pentateuch, the first five books of the Bible, which also include the Exodus account, have been identified by archaeologists and excavated; the excavations revealed that these sites either were not in existence in Moses' days, or if they were in existence, they were abandoned and not occupied _contra_ the biblical portrayal of events. Had Moses (or some other eye-witness) written the Exodus account the number of letters used for writing would be 30 in 1552/1446 B. If some of the sites mentioned in the Pentateuch and Exodus narratives were not in existence or deserted in Moses' time (1512/1446 B. so there would be no need for the Exodus to avoid the way to the land of the Philistines.

Obviously someone else is writing about Moses and describing his activities (Cf. The Philistines are portrayed as being in Canaan in the days of Abraham (circa 2100 B. Archaeology has established that the Philistines are the Pelest of Ramesside era records and they did not settle in Canaan until circa 1175 B. Thus the Exodus account is _in error_ in having Philistines present circa 1512 B. The archaeological excavations revealed that some of the sites were in existence only in the 7th century B. so this anomaly suggests the Exodus account is no earlier. C.) "how" can one identify the route of the Exodus from the itinerary given in Numbers 33:1-50? That is to say, if there was an Exodus circa 1512/1446/1260 B. they probably did take "the way to the land of the Philistines" as the Philistines were not present to oppose them.

dating range formula-42

Sinai being traditionally Gebel Musa near Saint Catherine's Monastery).

Some conservative Catholic scholars date the Exodus to 1512 B. while some conservative Protestant scholars date it to 1446 B. on the basis of 1 Kings 6:1 statement that Solomon built the Temple 480 years after the Exodus. Hoffmeier appears to deny the biblical reason for Israel's not taking the way of the Philistines, was fear of Philistines, he claims that an Egyptian fortress guarded this track and Israel feared the Egyptian garrisons rather than Philistines:"Based on the archaeological, historical, and environmental data now available, the identification of Hebua with ancient Tjaru seems likely...

If I am correct in believing that there was an historical Moses who was a product of the royal nursery, then he would have been trained in the Egyptian scribal tradition. Redford thinks these events derived from the Hyksos experience in Egypt -their migration, period of dominance, followed by their forced exodus. crops up which aligns with the reign of Pharaoh Ahmose I who expelled the Hyksos:"However, as Jack showed, if all the periods are added together, such as the forty years in Sinai, the lengths of the judges, and periods of peace between the judges, plus the length of David's reign, the total is 534 years. Egyptian priest and historian Manetho claimed Israel was expelled by a pharaoh called Rameses and his notion aligns somewhat with the Ramesside Iron Age I archaeological evidence found in Transjordan and Canaan.

During the New Kingdom, some Egyptian scribes connected to the court had to be bilingual to deal with communiques that came to Pharaoh from the far reaches of the empire, like the Amarna letters, written in cuneiform. For him a particular group of Shasu (Bedouin) who lived in the Sinai and the Negev are the forebears of Israel. I have noted that when this figure is added to Solomon's 4th year (circa 966 B. On top of this figure, the duration of Joshua's leadership in Canaan and the length of Saul's kingship, which are not preserved, bring the total close to six hundred years." Canaan in Ramesside times does witness the sudden appearance of over 600 villages, hamlets and farms of stone on both sides the the Jordan River as portrayed in the Book of Joshua. Most archaeologists identify Israel's settlement in Canaan with the Iron Age I findings (circa 1200-1100 B. The Bible does suggest Israel leaves a location in Egypt called Rameses (Ex , ; Nu 33:3) and a "land of Rameses" (Ge ) and they identify this name with Pharaoh Rameses I (ca.

Because of these _indisputable_ and well-documented "archaeological anomalies" some scholars understand that the Bible's Exodus account is _not_ an eyewitness account, they have suggested that it was written in a period when no one knew such sites were not in existence or were unoccupied and I concur.

That question has been asked by scholars and answered.The findings of the above-listed surveys indicate there are few, if any, Late Bronze Age materials and a paucity of Iron I Age materials in the areas being surveyed.On the other hand, the Iron II Age is well represented in all of these areas. for my article exploring the letter forms Moses would have used in 1512/1446 B. as revealed by archaeological findings in the Sinai.For whatever archaeological timeframe that is chosen there are _always_ sites either not yet in exsitence or if in existence are unoccupied (deserted).Hoffmeier argues that Moses being a Prince of Egypt would have been an educated man and capable of writing and composing a record of the Exodus and its itinerary.

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